Tuesday, May 19, 2020
Anooj Bathula Exam 3 1. Compare and contrast the physicalist identity theory of mind with dualism about the mind. Ã¢â¬Å"Physicalism is the position that everything that exists does so within the limits of its physical properties, and that there are no other kinds of things other than physical.Ã¢â¬ * To concisely describe physicalism in my words, it is the idea that we agree to everything being physical or in Ã¢â¬Å"fleshÃ¢â¬ . Ã¢â¬Å"In the philosophy of mind, dualism is the theory that the mental and the physicalÃ¢â¬âor mind and body or mind and brainÃ¢â¬âare, in some sense, radically different kinds of thing.Ã¢â¬ Now to briefly describe dualism, it is the idea that emotions are entirely separate from our bodies; they are not a part of us. I believe both physicalism and dualism to be somewhat imperfect in their own exclusive ways. To properly explain the two contrasting ideas it would be best to take what they both argue for or against. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s why I have decided it would be best to use the concept of love; an emotion that can effortlessly make the differences between the two views and how the two compare apparent. Love is something that dualists would probably say is undoubtedly separate from the physical body. The thing that can be argued is that you can t simply point to love; you can t open up your head and physically see the love there in your skull, so they would argue that it is clearly separate from the physical body. However, modern science has shown us that when someone is in love or has feelingsShow MoreRelatedIs The Mind Body Problem?1219 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesof their main issues faced in philosophy is the mind-body problem, and philosophers are still trying to solve this predicament to this day. The mind-brain problem is trying better to understand whether a personÃ¢â¬â¢s mental processes are the same as their physical processes. As of today, philosophy has broken the problem into two fundamental parts that has been split down into separate subparts. Personally, I find it easier to believe in substance dualism, because of how I perceive the idea. This howeverRead MoreIs Dualism Best? The Nature Of Consciousness? Essay1070 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesStudent ID Number: 00180694 November 2rd, 2016 Philosophy 101: Introduction to Philosophy Professor Bayne Dualism Best Explains the Nature of Consciousness The three theories we have discussed so far are the dualism theory of Plato and Descartes, the Aristotelian theory, and the Physicalism (identity) theory of Place and Strong. The identity of consciousness means that if you have the same consciousness, you are the same person, and if not conscience, you are not the same person. The thing thatRead MoreRene Descartes Concept Of Dualism And Then Defend My Preferred Alternative Among The Options Paul M. Churchland1513 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesprincipal merits and challenges of RenÃ © DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ concept of dualism and then defend my preferred alternative among the options Paul M. Churchland discusses. After briefly defining Cartesian Dualism, I will show that its principal merits are that it is consistent with common sense and that it is able to explain phenomena that appear mental in nature. Next, I will show that its principal challenges are its failure to adequately explain how the mind and the body can causally interact, and its failure toRead MoreDescartes Dualism And The Mind Body Theory1322 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ Dualism Rene Descartes dualism states that the mind and body are separate entities. The mind is a nonphysical, non-spatial substance; the mind and brain are separate existences, the brain is a part of the physical body and serves as a connection between the body and mind. Dualism is a hot topic of argument on whether the theory holds any validity or if it holds any truth. However, Cartesian dualism is a credible theory and has a lot of support to verify it. One major point in DescartesRead MoreThe Mind / Brain Identity Theory1718 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesexperiences. The former is associated with one having a (non-physical) mind, which contains beliefs, desires, feelings and so on, while the latter involves having a (physical) brain. The Mind/Body problem questions whether the mind and brain are the same or different objects. For a long time, the interpretation of these experiences has been much debated by philosophers and scientists. One influential interpretation is DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢s Dualism of substances, which became one of the most lasting legacies in hisRead MoreZombies And Other Minds : Shaun Of The Dead1035 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesName Student number TA Date Zombies and Other Minds Shaun of the Dead is a humorous take on the zombie movie genre, which presents an interesting thought experiment that challenges our understanding of the mind. In the movie, a character who is a friend of the protagonist, Ed, is bitten by a zombie and subsequently turns into a zombie himself. At the end of the movie, it is revealed that Ed, or Ã¢â¬Å"Zombie EdÃ¢â¬ as he is now a zombie and therefore not necessarily the same person, if a person at all,Read MoreThe Mind Body Identity Theory1668 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesnature of a human person; this has lead to various theories and speculation about the nature of the human mind and body. The question they are tying to answer is whether a human being is made of only the physical, body and brain, or both the physical or the mental, mind. In this paper I will focus on the mind-body Identity Theory to illustrate that it provides a suitable explanation for the mind and body interaction. Identity Theory Identity theorists hold the view that the mental events are nothingRead MoreMind And Its Relationship With The Mind1366 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMind and Its Relation to the Brain How to define minds has always been a challenge for the Ã¢â¬Å"lovers of wisdomÃ¢â¬ since the advent of modern philosophy. The mind is arduous to define because it is incorporeal and the only person knowing its existence is its owner. That is; the mind differs from those familiar physical stuffs which can easily be defined in terms of their characteristics. Facing the thorny problem, the debate between dualists and physicalists about the nature of mind and its relationshipRead MoreI, Myself, And My Body1222 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesand My Body The mind is about mental processes and thought, while the body is the physical aspects of the brain. For years, philosophers have been perplexed by the mind-body problem. The mind is about mental processes and thought, while the body is the physical aspects of the brain. The mind-body problem discusses the mind and body, along with the relationship between them. Dualists and monists are the two types of people that take a stand on the issue. While Dualism may spilt mind and body, monismRead MoreRealism : Reality And Dualism1340 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTeena Lin PHI 1500 Fall 2017 Final Paper Reality is Dualism There are currently four major theories about the nature of reality and substanceÃ¢â¬â materialism/physicalism, idealism, transcendental idealism, and dualism. Materialism is the theory that there is only the physical and material world. Idealism takes the position that reality is made up of ideas and immaterial. Transcendental idealism holds the idea that our experience of things are shaped by how they appear to us and not by what they are
Augustine Uguw Professor Ileana Loubser ENGL 1301 09/23/2012 Martin Luther KingÃ¢â¬â¢s Letter From Birmingham Jail Outline 1. Introduction: Martin Luther King, employ rhetorical appeals to convince the Clergymen and Birmingham City about the brutal treatment the African Americans were facing during the Civil Rights Movement were unjust. Thesis: King, utilize metaphors and analogies to appeal to the Clergymen and the city of Alabama with an emotional strategy and an urgent tone to draw the attention of people. 11. Topic Sentence: King, employ the use of metaphor and analogies to appeal to the Clergymen and the city of Alabama. A. The strain of racial segregation was getting to its boiling point in 1963 in Birmingham, Alabama. After being arrested for his part in the Birmingham Campaign, King wrote rhetorical appeal letter in response to Ã¢â¬Å"A Call for UnityÃ¢â¬ , written by eight white clergymen from Alabama. B. King uses logos to explain to the Clergymen by comparing racial injustice to a boil: King state, Ã¢â¬Å"that Like a boil that can never be cured so long as it is covered up but must be opened with all its ugliness to the natural medicines of air and light, injustice must be exposed, with all the tension its exposure creates, to the light of human conscience and the air of national opinion before it can be curedÃ¢â¬ (King 4). C. King, uses the trope Ã¢â¬Å"like a boilÃ¢â¬ to explain to the Clergymen that the situation which the African Americans are into is bad. He also emphasize to them howShow MoreRelatedSimilarities between Martin Luther Kings Letter from Birmingham Jail and Jonathan Swifts A Modest Proposal1358 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescursory analysis of Letter From Birmingham Jail by Martin Luther King, Jr. and A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift reveals glaring differences between the two essays. Surprisingly, a side-by-side comparison also yields many similarities between the two works. The most obvious similarity between the two essays is the overarching theme of the subject matter. In both essays, the writers address deeply-entrenched social injustices. For example, in Letter From Birmingham Jail, King, in his highly-impassionedRead MoreMartin Luther King Jr., Ã¢â¬Å"Letter from Birmingham JailÃ¢â¬ 3011 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pages[Date] Martin Luther king Jr., Ã¢â¬Å"Letter from Birmingham JailÃ¢â¬ Outline 1. Introduction i) Argument about Ã¢â¬Å"Justice and injusticeÃ¢â¬ ii) Religious appeals in KingÃ¢â¬â¢s latter iii) Paragraph fourteen of KingÃ¢â¬â¢s latter 2. Discussion 3. Conclusion Introduction The pressure of racial segregation was reaching a boiling point in 1963 in Birmingham, Alabama. After being arrested for his part in the Birmingham Campaign, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. wrote an open letter in responseRead MoreMartin Luther King Jr1194 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSimmons 1 Gabrielle Simmons Mrs. Fitzgerald Social Studies 8A 4/27/10 Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King Jr. is a well known and an inspiring man to all cultures of the world. King was and still is one of the most influential heroes. King s views and believes helped African Americans through the 50 s and 60 s to the rights and liberties that was their right. King faced many obstacles on his journey, things like jail and even assassination attempts. Despite these obstacles, he became aRead MoreAmerican Rhetoric : Obama And Martin Luther King Jr.1481 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAfrican American Rhetoric: Barack Obama Martin Luther King Jr. Barack Obama and Martin Luther King Jr. each deal with the issues of race and the African American struggle in their respective works. Both leaders use a combination of many rhetorical techniques in their arguments to make them more poignant and convincing. The two men make extremely strong and effective arguments that often rely on pathetic appeals to connect to their audience s values. However, Obama focuses more on an ethicalRead MoreAnalysis Of Letter From Birmingham Jail And Joe I Lost My Talk 1443 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLIBS 7001 Mid-Term Essay King Ã¢â¬Å"Letter From Birmingham JailÃ¢â¬ and Joe Ã¢â¬Å"I Lost My TalkÃ¢â¬ Martin Luther King Jr.Ã¢â¬â¢s Letter From Birmingham Jail and Rita JoeÃ¢â¬â¢s poem, I Lost My Talk share the controversial topic of racial injustice, recalling horrific events of the past all leading up to the sole purpose of asking for help. With both writers having personal experiences tied to these texts, we come face-to-face with the awful truths behind racial and cultural genocides and are left wondering whether or notRead MoreRacial Segregation During The 1960 s Civil Rights Movement Essay2048 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesracial segregation during the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s Civil Rights Movement in the United States was direct action. One of the most influential leaders of the Civil Rights Movement was Martin Luther King Junior who is known for his use of nonviolent direct action, which often entailed the violation of laws as an act of civil disobedience. On April 16, 1963, King composed his Ã¢â¬Å"Letter from Birmingham Jail,Ã¢â¬ where he accepted the consequences for his disobedience against the Birmingham law which forbids one to parade withoutRead MoreCivil Disobedience Essay958 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesby the use of passive resistance or other non-violent meansÃ¢â¬ (Houghton, 2000). Although this definition seems broad enough to cover any aspect of a discussion, there is still much to be said about the subject. Martin Luther King wrote a fifty paragraph letter about the timeliness and wisdom in such an action, while Hannah Arendt managed to squeeze her definition into six (extra long) paragraphs regarding Denmark and the Jews. But, regardless of the fact that people relateRead MoreI Know Why The Caged Bird Can Not Read Essay1661 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe argument from the right for why capitalism is overall positive for a nationÃ¢â¬â¢s cultural growth is because in such a system the market is regulated less, allowing a person to maximize their potential as an individual without hindrance. However, the words of Francine Prose in her essay Ã¢â¬Å"I Know Why the Caged Bird Cannot ReadÃ¢â¬ outline that just the opposite is true. The economics of the western world, in fact, discourage critical thought and self-expression in order to create a docile work forceRead MoreCivil Rights Act of 19641840 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesthe Civil War. President Kennedy picked up the situation at the close of the Eisenhower years at a time when tensions were rapidly increasing. By the summer of 1963, however, after a series of violent demonstrations in the South, particularly in Birmingham, Alabama, President Ken nedy pushed for a very strong civil rights bill in Congress. The first of its kind since the Civil War, this bill drastically called for the end of all segregation in all public places. In the eyes of the civil rights movementRead MoreThe Pursuit Of Happiness2173 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesidentity is the shared revolutionary nature, which drives Americans toward progressive social changes in the pursuit of personal happiness. The original thirteen colonies faced a rather odd situation in their nascent years. Far enough away from Britain to not completely live under their control, the colonies began to form a new way of defining themselves. Rather than simply being British colonies they wanted to act as a sovereign nation in their own right. Fearful of the colonies gaining
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The purpose of this essay is to identify the significant themes in Murmuring Judges by David Hare and to show how these themes have been presented to the audience. David Hare graduated from Cambridge University in 1968; that same year he co-founded the Portable Theatre Company with his friend Richard Bicat. Ironically he was to launch his writing career because the Company was left in the lurch by a playwright just four days before rehearsals were due to start. Hare jumped into the breach and penned a short satirical piece on the unlikelihood of revolution in Britain. This rather hasty first attempt at writing turned out to be a resounding success; which inspired Hare to further writings.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This perception that those people within the Judiciary are out of touch; perhaps even oblivious to normal life is affirmed in HareÃ¢â¬â¢s delivery of the discussion about fundraising for the Bar between Cuddeford, Sir Peter and Irene. Ã¢â¬Å"We started fund-raising for a campaign about 4 days ago.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"How much have you raised?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"One millionÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"That sounds an auspicious start. One million?Ã¢â¬ David Hare has the ability to elicit extremes of sentiment from his audience; as succinctly as he alludes to the pomposity of the members of the Judiciary, he provokes sympathy and empathy in equal measures for Gerard, the Ã¢â¬Ëwould beÃ¢â¬â¢ villain of the piece. The audience become privy to GerardÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts in a stream of consciousness as he stands awaiting the verdict of the Jury at his trial. What they see is a rather scruffy youth with long unkempt hair; however his thoughts are in fact eloquent and emotive; eliciting from the audience a certain amount of sympathy for his predicament. Ã¢â¬Å"Finally I get it, yes, it is happening, these men, every one of them silver haired, judicious, informed, they will go home to their wives, to wine in fine glasses and gossip of the Bar, they will walk the streets and complain about their lives, and I...And IÃ¢â¬ Hare shows that despite appearances; here stands a young man who can look around him and identify the reality of the situation. What is more he isShow MoreRelatedProject Managment Case Studies214937 Words Ã |Ã 860 PagesConventional accounting reports do not show the cost effects of these technical decisions until it is too late to reconsider. We would need to provide the project manager with cost commitment reports at each decision state to enable him or her to judge when costs are getting out of control. Only by receiving such timely cost commitment reports, could the project manager take needed corrective actions and be able to approximate the cost effect of each technical decision. Providing all these reports
Anna Maria Chavez is the Chief Executive Officer of the Girl Scouts of the USA stated Ã¢â¬Å"Cyber Bullies can hide behind a mask of Anonymity online, and do not need direct physical access to their victims to do unimaginable harmÃ¢â¬ (Chavez). With this mention Cyber bullying has taken a toll in children and teenagers across the nation. Many doctors, advocates, teachers, parents and many more are helping children and teenagers fight against cyber bullying. Cyber bullying can start off as a game, but can become dangerous and lead to disorders, syndromes and can even lead to death. People need to educate themselves and inform children and teens the dangers of cyber bullying and report it immediately if they come across it or see someone being bullied Dr. Jing Wang from the National Institutes of Health in Maryland emphasizes, Ã¢â¬Å"Cyber bullying, or electronic bullying, is emerging as a new form of bullying. Cyber bullying can be defined as a form of aggression that occurs through personal computers or cell phonesÃ¢â¬ (Wang 2). Cyber bullying is usually done through text messages, emails, phone calls, instant messaging and social networks (Wang). Children and teens that are victims of cyberbullying can be bullied anywhere and at any time. A study reviewed and approved from the Institutional Review Board of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Showed from a sample of 3,767 middle school teens in the United States , and that 22% of the studentsShow MoreRelatedCyber Bullying Is A New Form Of Bullying2119 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesSince its introduction in the early 2000Ã¢â¬â¢s, social media has introduced a whole new world for socialization and sharing. The presence of social media in our lives allows for everyone to connect through the use of websites and apps from almost anywhere that the Internet is available. This includes popular sites such as Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, YouTube, and even Snapchat. With the use of these applications comes many benefits but also great risks for many of the adolescents and young adults thatRead MoreThe Prevention of Cyberbullying627 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesInternet, bullying persists with new forms and faces. Bullies can hide behind anonymous user profiles online, creating an environment in which young victims have no direct resources. Effective methods of controlling the problem of cyber bullying are necessary to prevent problems such as suicide. One student in Iowa committed suicide after bullies at his school posted that the student was gay on Facebook; as a result of this and related suicides, the state of Iowa is redefining what cyber bullying is inRead MoreCyber-Bullying: A Brief Research Proposal Essay1685 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesinternet usage, a new form of bullying has developed Ã¢â¬â Cyber bullying. Cyber bullying can be defined as Ã¢â¬Å"the electronic posting of mean-spirited messages about a person,Ã¢â¬ (Merriam-Webster, 2012). This form of bullying can come through various mediums including but not limited to text messages, emails, videos, and social networking sites. There is an overwhelming amount of information that defines cyber bullying, identifies the demographics of bullies and victims of cyber bullying, and identifies theRead MoreThe Spreading of Cyber Bullying1599 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Cyber bullying is a growing problem and has moved to the forefront of public concern in recent years due to a large number of incidents that have received media attention (Tokunaga, 2009). Most recently, a case involving a 12-year old girl who committed suicide as a result from cyber bullying received national attention. This case occurred in Polk County, Fl., and has been described as one of the most tragic cyber bullying stories of our time (Hellmich, 2013). Rebecca Sedwick of Lakeland, FlaRead MoreCyber Bullying1455 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesRunning head: Bullying Issues 1 Bullying Issues: Cyber bullying vs. Traditional Bulllying Horache Allen Compostion1 Jan 29, 2013 Bullying Issues 2 Bullying Issues: Cyber Bullying vs. Traditional Bullying Are you a victim of cyber bullying? Or were you theRead MoreBullying Is Bad Traditional Or Cyber Bullying?1296 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWhat is Worse Traditional -Bullying or Cyber Bullying What is Worse Traditional -Bullying or Cyber Bullying and Which is Worst Traditional or Cyber-Bullying? Patricia Spatcher Florida Southwestern State College What is Worse Traditional -Bullying or Cyber Bullying and Which is Worst Traditional or Cyber-Bullying? Bullying is the aggressive act of repetitive emotional, psychological or emotional abuse, by one or more persons over a time span. Traditionally, there are fourRead MoreEssay on Abuse and Fox Man Point656 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Quintin Anthony English 097 11/11/13 Ã¢â¬Å"Social Networking Sites Can Be Forums for Cyber bullyingÃ¢â¬ Why are Cyber bullying and Social Networking sites becoming more and more Harmful? Abraham FormanÃ¢â¬â¢s article on Ã¢â¬Å"Social Networking Sites Can Be Forums for Cyber bullyingÃ¢â¬ by: Abraham Fox man. Abraham Fox man explains why Cyber bullying/Social Networking Sites have been a threat for teenagers and children (par.1), and why teenagers are the cause. Abraham Fox man tells us that teenagers are the onlyRead MoreAn Analysis of Cyber-Bullying in a Multiethnic Sample Essays974 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe advancements in modern technology poses a new challenge in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s youth, affecting not just students but adults and teachers alike in combating what is popularly known as cyber-bullying. Cyber-bullying emerged from the anonymity technology provides bullies, the victimsÃ¢â¬â¢ would receive repeated taunts, flames, in the form of emails, text messages, messages lefts on the victimsÃ¢â¬â¢ social networking sites up to exclusion from those media sites. Goebert, D., Else, I., Matsu, C., Chung-Do, J., andRead MoreCyber Bullying Is Harmful Than Traditional Bullying1512 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCyber-bullying involves the use of technology to cause distress, harm, and torture to the victim. This involves sending abusive or intimidating messages, emails, and pictures through the use of several technological avenues. Traditional bullying involves physical aggression to a victim through using abusive verbal language and physical beating. Cyber- bullying seems to have surpassed traditional bullying because of the increased advance in the world of technology. Most bullies have turned to technologyRead MoreCriminalization of Cyberbullying1026 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageseffects of cyber bullying are becoming a growing problem, the criminalization of cyber bullying is needed to prevent its harmful repercussions to the United States and serve as a deterrent. Cyber bullying has become the 21st century version of bullying; it has extended beyond the clas sroom and onto a virtual world that seems to have no real-life effects. The world is now able to bully someone in the comfort of his or her own home, at any given point, with the use of technology. However, Cyber bullying
Question: Discuss about the How We Listen to Music? Answer: The essay titled as How We Listen to Music is the second chapter from the book What to Listen for in Music written by Aaron Copland. The book was published in the year 1939 by Whittlesey House, McGraw-Hill Book Company in the cities New York and London. In this essay, Copland shares his feelings about music is listened by people. Copland explicates active listening a combination of three different planes of listening namely the sensuous plane, the expressive plane and the musical plane. When people listen to music intentionally or not, it is listened at all three levels. The sensuous plane is considered as the simplest form of listening where music is listened by people for pure pleasure of listening. In sensuous plane, the music is listened without judging. Copland postulates that people hear the music even without recognizing its existence. The music is listened by people simply to elude the problems or obstructive feelings that persist in their mind. They do not truly concentrate on the music as they use music to escape their everyday life feelings. The second plane narrated by Copland is expressive plane where he believes that the music has expressive power. Every piece of music has a meaning that can be described or expressed. The people can observe the feeling generated from listening to music because in their mind they can understand the true meaning of what they are listening but they are not able to state it. The writers opinion regarding expressive meaning music can be on the sides of contradiction. Copland says that music does have an expressive meaning, but that we cannot say in so many words what the meaning is. The third plane is the sheerly musical plane. In this plane, the listener can separate the different compositions of music such as dynamics, pitch, tempo, time signature, key signature, form, chord analysis, etc. Copland states that the intelligent listener must be prepared to increase his awareness of the musical material and what happens to it. He must hear the melodies, the rhythms, the harmonies, the tone colours in a more conscious fashion. But above all he must, in order to follow the line of the composers thought, know something of the principles of musical form. (Copland 17) Both melodies and rhythm of notes are involved in this plane. Copland has pointed out and warned that one should not focus too much on melodies and notes consequently dropping out the previous two planes. It is very important to understand the reason for listening to music. Interpreting what level or plane is listened on a particular piece helps in deepening the understanding of music. When music is listened at all three levels, the listener flows between the levels. Every level imparts an incompatible type of satisfaction of music and each complement the other. Copland has ended the article with the analogy of going to theatre with the hope that the readers will become a more active listener. When a listener utilizes the concept of his three planes, one can become a more conscious and aware listener not someone who is just listening, but someone who is listening for something. (Knight) References "Aaron Copland "How We Listen"". Writing Across Media Wiki. Web. 11 May 2017. Copland, Aaron. What To Listen For In Music. 1st ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1939. Print. Knight, Peter. "How We Listen To Music". HubPages. N.p., 2013. Web. 11 May 2017. Pennington, Jonathan. "Aaron Copland And Hermeneutics -- Three Kinds Of Listening/Reading". Jonathan Pennington. N.p., 2014. Web. 11 May 2017.
Navajo tale Changing Woman and the Hero Twins after the Emergence of the People is a perfect example of archetype (model) in ancient, and not so ancient, mythology. Containing within the story of its pages the repetitive use ofa numerical value, a father god and sons of the father god, and heroes who must overcome dramatic obstacles while obtaining help from outside sources, Changing Woman and the Hero Twins places itself among a rich history of similar myths and folklore from around the globe, both secular and religious. One of the major similarities between this tale and others in worldwide lore is its epetitive use of a numerical value, in this case the number four. From the very first paragraph, where after the monsters have been eating the people there were only four persons remaining alive (Changing 36), to the four places of danger (Changing 40) that the Hero Twins must overcome by deceiving each of the subjects thereof four times in the middle of the tale (Changing 41), to the four monsters Old Age, Cold Woman, Poverty, and Hunger spared death at the end (Changing 46-47), the number four figures prominently throughout. We will write a custom essay sample on The Repetition of Numerical Values in Myths and Literature or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page In fact, nearly very gesture in the entire story seems to fail to culminate into any real action until the fourth time it is advanced. For instance, at the beginning of the narrative it takes Talking God four calls to the last four people remaining alive before he finally decides to stand before them (Changing 36). Later, when Talking God and Calling God create Changing Woman and White Shell Woman, they cannot seem to accomplish the task until the fourth time they enter and raise the buckskin, after which the two females (who are actually somehow one) emerge in human form from images of omen wrought in turquoise and white shell, respectively (Changing 37). Even the major antagonist of the story, Yeitso, is not immune from the predictability of the obsessive-compulsiveness of the repetitive, ritualistic four. As the four holy people say to the Hero Twins, advising them on the habits of the said monster, They said that he showed himself every day three times on the mountains before he came down, and when he showed himself for the fourth time he descended from Tsotsil to Tosato to drink (Changing 44). Unfortunately, the twins use this advice less advantageously than they should. As the narrator states, even though Yeitso kneels down to drink four times from a lake, The brothers lost their presence of mind at the sight of the giant drinking, and did nothing while he was stooping down (Changing 45). Understanding the lack of drama that would have followed from a surprise ambush and the easy killing of the main terror of the tale without a fght (though compared to the twins father, Yeitso actually doesnt seem so terrible), the twins can be forgiven for their temporary, fear-induced inaction. The repetition of numerical values is a common factor in historical myth and eligious texts. A text that uses this repetition extensively is the Christian Bible. The number seven is used at the beginning of the text, in the second chapter of Genesis, to describe the week it took for God to create the world six days for Him to create it , and one for Him to rest (Holy 2). The number seven is also used at the end of the text, when John introduces his apocalyptic book of Revelation by addressing it to the seven churches in the province of Asia (Holy 867). The number forty also appears early and later in the text, first in the Old Testament to describe Noahs forty ays and nights of rain while in the ark in Genesis chapter seven (Holy 5), and later in the New Testament to describe Jesus forty days and nights of fasting in the wilderness in Matthew chapter four (Holy 682-683). The number forty is also foundational to the history of the nation of Israel, as laid out in Numbers chapters thirteen and fourteen, when the Israelites explore the promised land of Canaan for forty days, get scared to try and take it over because the people of the land are so big, rebel against God by refusing to enter, and are punished by Him by being forced to ander around the desert for forty years one year for each day they had explored the land before (Holy 105-106).
Tuesday, April 21, 2020
Second Treatise Of Government By John Locke n the Second Treatise of Government by John Locke, he writes about the right to private property. In the chapter which is titled ?Of Property? he tells how the right to private property originated, the role it plays in the state of nature, the limitations that are set on the rights of private property, the role the invention of money played in property rights and the role property rights play after the establishment of government.. In this chapter Locke makes significant points about private property. In this paper I will summarize his analysis of the right to private property, and I will give my opinion on some of the points Locke makes in his book. According to Locke, the right to private property originated when God gave the world to men. Locke makes the argument that when God created the world for man, he gave man reason to make use of the world to the best advantage of life, and convenience. What he means by that is, that God made this world for man, and when he made it he gave man the right to use what is in this world to his benefit. Locke explains that every man has property in his own person, and that nobody has any right to that property but that person. The author states that ?whatsoever then he removes out of the state of nature hath provided, and left it in, he hath mixed his labour with, and joined to it something that is his own, and thereby makes it his property (Locke pg. 19)?. What Locke means by that statement is that once a person removes something out of its original state of nature that something becomes that persons property. After someone gains this property are there any limitations on that property? Locke believes that there are limitations on that property. Locke believes that God has given us all things richly, and that man may use those things as long as he takes what he needs. Men can have property as long as they obtained it rightfully, and as long as they use discretion. If those limitations were overlooked when the person was ge tting the property the property was not obtained rightfully. In the chapter the rights of property, Locke tells the role that the invention of money plays in property rights. Money was invented because people were abusing their property rights. With the creation of money things were given value, and this invention prevented people from taking more than they could afford. Money was an invention that men could keep without spoiling. Men could exchange money for truly useful, but perishable supports of life. This invention plays a big role in the property rights. Now that there is money people have to use that money to get what they need instead of taking whatever they want as was the case before the invention of money. According to Locke, individual property rights change after government was established. He believes that in governments, the laws regulate the right of property, and the possession of land is determined by positive constitutions. Before the establishment of government A mericans had the rights to property as long as they used it before it spoiled, and as long as they didn't take more than they needed, and as long as they obtained it rightfully. After government, there were laws and restrictions pertaining to property. These laws and restrictions were established to secure protection of those who had property. I believe that some of Locke's views on the rights to private property are right. I agree with his thoughts of the way property rights originated, the limitations he said were placed on property rights, and his thoughts of why money was invented. I also agree with his take on the role property rights played after government was established. I think that government plays a very important part in the protection of property. Without the laws that are made by the government there would be many problems with property rights. People still have the right to have any property they want as long as they can afford it and as long as it is obtained proper ly.